What is a NIF number and how to get one?
NIF stands for “Número de Identificação Fiscal” which is the tax identification number in Portugal. It is a unique 9-digit number assigned to individuals, businesses, and other entities for tax purposes.
The NIF number is used for various purposes, including:
- Registering with the Portuguese tax authorities and paying taxes.
- Conducting business transactions, such as opening a bank account or signing a rental agreement.
- Applying for social security benefits and other government services.
- Registering for public services, such as healthcare or education.
All individuals and entities with tax obligations in Portugal must have a NIF number. This includes Portuguese residents, non-residents with Portuguese source income, and businesses operating in Portugal.
If you plan to work, live, or conduct business in Portugal, you will need to obtain a NIF number.
To get a NIF number in Portugal, you will need to follow these steps:
1. Request an appointment: Contact the nearest Portuguese tax office (Finanças) or visit their website to request an appointment for the issuance of a NIF number.
You will need to bring the following documents to your appointment:
- Passport or ID card
- Proof of address (e.g., rental agreement or utility bill)
- If you are a non-resident, you will need to appoint a fiscal representative in Portugal, who must also be present at the appointment and provide a valid ID
2. Attend your appointment: Attend your appointment at the tax office and present your documents. The tax office will issue your NIF number on the spot.
3. Register with Social Security (optional): If you plan to work in Portugal, you may also need to register with the Portuguese Social Security system. This registration can be done at the same time as your NIF application.
It is also possible to apply for a NIF number online through one of the companies providing such services. These companies usually provide you with a representative so you don’t have to look for one yourself. Migronis can also help to get a NIF number, as well as open a bank account.